Skip to main content

Apollonia




The famous Roman orator Cicero, astonished by the beauty of Apollonia named it in his Philippics, magna urbs et gravis - a great and important city. Established in the 7th century B.C., by Greek settlers from Corinth and Corcyra, the ancient city is located 11 km to the west of the modern city of Fier.
Archaeological excavations have revealed that Apollonia achieved its zenith in the 4th - 3rd centuries B.C. In the first century B.C., Octavian Augustus studied philosophy there until he heard news of Caesar's murder in theSenate and went on to become the next Roman emperor.
The city had a 4 km long surrounding wall encircling an area of 137 hectares. It has been estimated that during the developed stages of the city, 60000 inhabitants lived inside its imposing walls. Among the most interesting monuments worth visiting are the Bouleterion (city council), the library, the triumphal arch, the temple of Artemis, the Odeon built in the 2nd century B.C., the two-storey 77 m long Stoa, a theater with a capacity of ca. 10000 spectators, and the Nymphaeum (a monumental water fountain covering an area of 2000m2), which has been visited by the Roman emperor Sulla, as ancient sources indicate. In the 3rd-4th centuries A.D. Apollonia suffered great destruction from several earthquakes which were followed also by the shifting southwards of the nearby Vjosa (Aoos) river. Being deprived by its port facilities and damaged by earthquakes and Gothic invasions, Apollonia went into a rapid decline, loosing all its grandeur from the past. Today the site can be approached easily from the modern city of Fier and offers unique views over the Adriatic sea and the hinterland.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Useful informations about albania

Useful info for your stay in Albania •  International telephone prefix :  +355 • Capital :  Tirana • Language:  Albanian-Shqip • Currency:  Albanian Lek√ę Emergency numbers Road police:  126 Police:  129 Emergency:  112 Ambulance:  127 Fire Brigade:  128 Visa regulations: What you need to know The visa policy of Albania grants 90-day visa-free entry to all Schengen Annex II nationalities, except for Dominica, East Timor, Georgia, Grenada, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. Other countries which are not part of the Schengen Annex II nationalities but can travel in Albania without Visa are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kosovo, Kuwait, and Turkey. All European Union citizens, or citizens coming from Australia, Canada, Iceland, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, New Zealand, Norway, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland, Vatican City, USA, 

Oricum (Orikos)

Oricum is located to the right of the Vlora-Saranda national road and 42 km south of the Greek colony of Apollonia. According to Pseudo-Scymnos, the city of Oricum was established by Euboeans who, being on their way home from Troy were blown off their route by strong winds. Its geographical position made it an important harbor on the Adriatic coast. Oricum was used by the Romans in ancient times as a defensive base in the wars against the Illyrians as well as in the 3rd century B.C. against the Macedonians, who in fact occupied it in 214 B.C. Julius Caesar stationed his troops in camps there for several months, until they were taken by Pompey (Pompeius Magnus). Being in the crossroads of such influences, Oricum became a civilized urban centre, as evidenced by various archaeological ruins, such as part of an Orchestra, a small theatre, which is thought to have seated 400 spectators, traces of wall ruins and streets that are clearly seen, albeit lying under the water of the lagoon

Albania moves towards legalizing recreational marijuana

Prime Minister Edi Rama said the government intends to pass the law on the legalization of medical cannabis during this parliamentary session that will close in the summer. "I said before, this is not the time to talk about this issue, but to keep the situation under control with illegal cultivation and trafficking, the situation is now under control," Rama said. "On the other hand, we have been working on this project for more than a year, to do analysis, and in fact now the conditions are ripe. Where the ideas come from, I'm not the one fighting for copyright. This is now a global trend. I know we are on time and we will push this project forward. We are in time to approve it by this parliamentary session," said the Prime Minister.